Town of Bolano

Information about Bolano

ZIP Code: 19020 - Town Hall address: Piazza Castello 1, Phone: ++39 0187 94171, Fax: ++39 0187 94171, E-Mail: info@comune.bolano.sp.it. Province: La Spezia. Distance from the chief town (La Spezia): 14 chilometri. Inhabitants: 7.759. Denomination: Bolanesi. For the town of Bolano are also available the following PEC o CEC-PEC e-mail addresses: comune.bolano@anutel.it (PEC).

The common family names in the municipality of Bolano

The most common five family names

There are in Bolano Surname
146.49 Chiappini
131.07 Ricciardi
79.67 Bocchia
61.68 Bonatti
59.11 Casabianca
Geographical data, Population and Statistical data

Geographic data: Surface: 14,57 square kilometers. Height above sea level: 317 meters. Min. height: 12 meters. Max. Height: 597 meters. Altimetric difference: 585 meters.

Population and Statistical data: Population density: 502,79 inhabitants per square kilometer. Population on 1991: 7.060 inhabitants - Population on 2001: 7.391 inhabitants - Population on 2011: 7.759 inhabitants .- Percentual variation 2001 -1991: 4,69%. Percentual variation 2011 -1991: 9.9%. Percentual variation 2011 -2001: 4.98%. Families: 2.871. Medium value of the components of a generic family: 2,57 people.

Foreign citizens: On January 1, 2014 were resident in Bolano 477 foreign citizens, 227 of whom males and 250 females.On December 31 of the same year were resident in Bolano 541 foreign citizens, 279 of whom males and 262 females, thus being the 6.97% of the population of Bolano.

Workers: 1.692 people, that is the 22,89% of the inhabitants of the town of Bolano.

Industries:38 Workers:273 Percentual value:16,13%
Services:174 Workers:350 Percentual value:20,69%
Administration:28 Workers:592 Percentual value:34,99%
Others:218 Workers:477 Percentual value:28,19%

Data about population living in Bolano

In the chief place of Bolano (and then not in the whole territory of Bolano) live seven hundred and twelve people: three hundred and fourty-three are males and three hundred and sixty-nine are females.

There are two hundred and sixty-seven singles (one hundred and fourty-three males and one hundred and twenty-four females). There are three hundred and fifty-five people married, and sixteen people legally separed. There are also seven divorced people and sixty-seven widows and widowers.

Please find in what follows the table of the distribution of inhabitants by age.

Age 0-45-910-1415-1920-2425-2930-3435-3940-4445-4950-5455-5960-6465-6970-74>74
Males2014141092326233726252123221634
Females17132015142115292528271628162263
Total37273425234441526254523751383897

Data about foreigners living in Bolano

In Bolano live fourty-one foreigners, seventeen are males and twenty-four are females. 32 come from Europa, 6 from Africa, 1 from America, 2 from Asia and 0 from Oceania.

Please find in what follows the table of the distribution of foreigners by age.

AgeMalesFemalesTotal
From 0 to 29 years101626
From 30 to 54 years7815
More than 54 years old000

Education in Bolano

There are in Bolano six hundred and seventy-two people in school age, three hundred and twenty-one are males and three hundred and fifty-one females.

GenereUniversity degreeHigh school diplomaMiddle School diploma Primary School diplomaLiteratesIlliterates
Males3110210266200
Females33109185101232
Total64211185167432

Employment rates and workers in Bolano

There are in Bolano 300 people aged 15 years or more. 274 are employed and 19 were previously employed but now are unemployed and seeking for a new job. There are 180 males aged 15 years or more, 169 are employed and 9 were previously employed but now are unemployed and seeking for a new job. There are 120 females aged 15 years or more, 105 are employed and 10 s were previously employed but now are unemployed and seeking for a new job.

Families and their compositions

There are in Bolano 305 families, for a total of 712 people.

Please find in what follows a table showing the number of families along with the number of people for each family.

People123456 or more
Families8993664872

There are 305 famiglie living in Bolano. 39 live in rented houses, 231 live in houses of their own property  and 35 live in houses for different reasons.

The buildings and their characteristics in Bolano

There are in Bolano 229 buildings, but only 222 are used. 221 buildings are for residential use, 1 buildings are for commercial or productive pourposes. Among the 221 buildings for residential use 137 were build using bricks of tuffs, 70 were built using concrete and 14 were built using other materials like steel, wood and so on. Among the 221 buildings for residential use 21 are in excellent condition, 178 are in good conditions, 22 are in mediocre conditions and 0 are in bad conditions.

In the following three tables the buildings built for residential use in Bolano are classified by building year, by floors number and by rooms number.

Buildings in Bolano by year of construction

DateBefore year 19191919-451946-601961-701971-801981-901991-20002001-05After year 2005
Buildings121282823921000

Buildings in Bolano by floors number

NUmber of floorsOneTwoThreeFour or more
Buildings9112955

Buildings in Bolano by rooms number

Number of roomsOneTwoThree or fourFrom five to eightFrom nine to fifteenSixteen or more
Buildings1146736400


Taxpayers, incomes and taxes in Bolano

Number of taxpayers for the municipality of Bolano: 5.408

Incomes and taxpayers by type of income

Category Taxpayers Income Yearly Average Monthly Average
Income from buildings 2,567 € 3,778,036 € 1,471.77 € 122.65
Income from employment 2,610 € 55,902,488 € 21,418.58 € 1,784.88
Retirement income 2,179 € 38,288,658 € 17,571.66 € 1,464.31
Income from self-employment 81 € 2,163,724 € 26,712.64 € 2,226.05
Entrepreneurs 11 € 427,693 € 38,881.18 € 3,240.10
Entrepreneurs with simplified accounting 233 € 3,987,312 € 17,112.93 € 1,426.08
Income from equity investments 278 € 4,200,871 € 15,111.05 € 1,259.25

Income, taxes and municipal and regional surcharges

Category Taxpayers Income Yearly Average Monthly Average
Taxable income 5,296 € 105,854,174 € 19,987.57 € 1,665.63
Additional tax revenue 4,335 € 100,509,128 € 23,185.50 € 1,932.12
Net tax 4,413 € 19,545,450 € 4,429.06 € 369.09
Municipal additional 4,237 € 789,895 € 186.43 € 15.54
Regional additional 4,333 € 1,460,629 € 337.09 € 28.09

Incomes and taxpayers grouped by income

Category Taxpayers Income Yearly average Monthly average
Total income less than € 0 21 € -155,086 € -7,385.05 € -615.42
Total income from € 0 to € 10,000 1,304 € 6,434,971 € 4,934.79 € 411.23
Total income from € 10,000 to € 15,000 756 € 9,553,636 € 12,637.08 € 1,053.09
Total income from € 15,000 to € 26,000 1,843 € 37,437,400 € 20,313.29 € 1,692.77
Total income from € 26,000 to € 55,000 1,278 € 43,547,680 € 34,074.87 € 2,839.57
Total income from € 55,000 to € 75,000 97 € 6,112,588 € 63,016.37 € 5,251.36
Total income from € 75,000 to € 120,000 50 € 4,441,780 € 88,835.60 € 7,402.97
Total income of more than € 120,000 21 € 3,311,718 € 157,700.86 € 13,141.74

Statistical data about Bolano

The tables and the 3D graphics about people in Bolano

TARI, TARES, IMU, IMI, IMIS in Bolano

The local taxes in Bolano ordered by kind and date, along with their old values ones.

Region Province Town Date Kind
Liguria La Spezia Bolano 2012-07-20 "IMU"
Liguria La Spezia Bolano 2014-08-22 "IMU+TASI"
Liguria La Spezia Bolano 2015-09-01 "TARI"
Liguria La Spezia Bolano 2014-09-08 "TARI"
Highways and motorways in Bolano

In the territory of the municipality of Bolano there are the following highways or motorways: SS 330 - di Buonviaggio.

During the year 2014 on the portion of these roads belonging to the municipality Bolano there were 1 car accidents, 0 of whom were fatal accidents. There was a total amount of 1 people injuried and 0 people dead. No more recent data are available.

Town Highway or motorway Accident Values
Bolano SS 330 - di Buonviaggio Car accidents 1
Bolano SS 330 - di Buonviaggio Fatal car accidents 0
Bolano SS 330 - di Buonviaggio People injuried 1
Bolano SS 330 - di Buonviaggio People dead 0

The expenditure items and their amounts for the Municipality of Bolano

For the town of Bolano are presented in what follows data on expenditure items and their related amounts, ranked in descending order by amount of expenditure, from the highest amount to the lowest one for the most recent year available. Data are subject to revision and integration depending by available updates. Data Source: Italian General Accounting Office.


Description Year Amount
Cash advances repayment 2015 € 4.408.790,31
Other fees for services on behalf of third parties 2015 € 1.374.020,72
Other service expenses 2015 € 1.182.549,56
Fixed skills for permanent staff 2015 € 832.332,10
Current transfers to households 2015 € 528.737,92
Other consumables 2015 € 488.724,87
Service contracts for waste disposal 2015 € 364.740,39
Other Real Estate 2015 € 350.686,10
Interest expense on Deposits and Loans Fund - CDP spa management 2015 € 245.733,89
Mandatory contributions for staff 2015 € 232.464,30
Cemeteries 2015 € 230.484,01
Revenue taxes 2015 € 221.605,25
Repayment mortgages Deposits and Loans Fund - CDP spa management 2015 € 201.768,21
Other skills and allowances' accessory for permanent staff 2015 € 130.296,99
School services 2015 € 109.005,15
Social security deemed to staff 2015 € 101.587,47
Transportation routes and related infrastructures 2015 € 92.617,33
Insurance 2015 € 82.182,29
IRAP 2015 € 77.576,18
Professional assignments 2015 € 67.780,90
Current transfers to other 2015 € 60.679,61
Expenses for institutional organs Indemnities 2015 € 52.051,94
Service contracts for tax collection 2015 € 50.878,34
Civil buildings for residential, commercial and institutional 2015 € 42.832,90
Computer equipment 2015 € 39.842,67
Capital transfers to mountain communities 2015 € 38.203,72
Contributions for allowances' end of service and severance pay provisions 2015 € 31.334,15
Materials and tools for maintenance 2015 € 30.616,48
Service contracts for transportation 2015 € 24.951,46
Leases 2015 € 22.030,85
Utilities and fees for electricity 2015 € 17.880,50
Other withholding personnel for third parties 2015 € 17.849,34
Exhibition & Conference 2015 € 13.844,12
Publications, newspapers and magazines 2015 € 13.819,75
Additional contributions 2015 € 13.096,53
Organizations and other committees established at the institution 2015 € 12.519,99
Extraordinary staff for elections 2015 € 11.971,26
Mortgage and loan repayment to others - in euro 2015 € 9.098,59
Expenses for litigation (legal aid) 2015 € 8.120,32
Anticipation of funds to the treasurer's service 2015 € 7.746,85
Other extraordinary expenses from ordinary activities 2015 € 7.630,00
Arrears of previous years 2015 € 7.179,56
Other uses of third party assets 2015 € 7.175,22
Other routine maintenance and repairs 2015 € 6.474,88
Purchase of services for elections 2015 € 6.000,00
Fuels, fuels and lubricants 2015 € 5.022,18
Paper, stationery and printed 2015 € 4.544,84
USE OF THIRD PARTY ASSETS FOR ACHIEVEMENTS IN ECONOMICS 2015 € 3.540,00
Overtime for staff 2015 € 2.890,15
VAT 2015 € 2.723,75
Training courses for the staff 2015 € 2.208,00
Goods of cultural, historical, archaeological and artistic value 2015 € 1.698,00
Purchase of consumer goods for elections 2015 € 1.656,36
Purchase of goods for entertainment 2015 € 1.000,67
Other charges for retired staff 2015 € 961,34
Current transfers to non-profit institutions 2015 € 864,07
Expenses for institutional organs - Refunds 2015 € 496,90
Deposits for contractual expenses 2015 € 490,00
Other taxes 2015 € 447,00
Return of security deposits 2015 € 400,00
Capital transfers to other 2015 € 333,78
Supplementary social security contributions 2015 € 258,96
Equipment and clothing 2015 € 244,00
PAYMENTS TO REGULATE FOR USE INCASSI BOUND (payments encoded by the treasurer) 2015 € 0,00
PAYMENTS TO REGULATE FOR THE ALLOCATION OF RECEIPTS FREE MAKE-BOUND INFLOWS (payments encoded by the treasurer) 2015 € 0,00
PAYMENTS TO REGULATE ARISING FROM THE REFUND OF CASH ADVANCES (encoded by the treasurer payments) 2015 € 0,00
OTHER PAYMENTS TO BE REGULARIZED (payments encoded by the treasurer) 2015 € 0,00

The income items and their amounts for the Municipality of Bolano

For the town of Bolano are presented in what follows data on incomes items and their related amounts, ranked in descending order by amount of income, from the highest amount to the lowest one for the most recent year available. Data are subject to revision and integration depending by available updates. Data Source: Italian General Accounting Office.


Description Year Total amount
Cash advances 2015 € 4.262.089,15
Reimbursement of expenses for services on behalf of third parties 2015 € 1.405.827,21
ICI IMU collected through other forms 2015 € 1.079.056,57
Additional income tax 2015 € 787.249,13
Other current transfers from the Region 2015 € 565.407,32
TASI collected through other forms 2015 € 527.433,30
TARI collected through other forms 2015 € 488.625,14
Loans from the Deposits and Loans Management CDP spa 2015 € 332.253,80
Current transfers from municipalities 2015 € 329.007,27
Proceeds from funeral transport, funeral, votive lights 2015 € 247.660,80
TARI collected by means of roles 2015 € 239.710,86
Revenue taxes 2015 € 221.605,25
State experimental fund rebalancing Fund of solidarity Municipal 2015 € 220.982,27
Administrative sanctions, fines, donations 2015 € 187.403,75
Income from canteens 2015 € 175.719,60
Capital transfers from the European Union 2015 € 165.283,14
Other current transfers from the State 2015 € 106.966,10
Social security deemed to staff 2015 € 101.587,47
Tax treatment of municipal solid waste collected through other forms TARES 2015 € 63.951,73
Net profits of the special and investee companies, dividends of society 2015 € 63.570,00
Reimbursement of expenses for seconded staff 2015 € 62.520,61
Occupancy tax levied spaces and public areas through other forms 2015 € 50.823,92
Various recoveries 2015 € 31.750,92
Capital transfers from the Region / Autonomous Province without hypothecation 2015 € 27.752,26
Rights secretarial and deed 2015 € 23.896,08
Tax on advertising levied through other forms 2015 € 23.260,71
Proceeds from school transport 2015 € 22.421,50
Revenue from building permits 2015 € 21.760,78
Royalties from companies and private individuals 2015 € 21.716,40
Other withholding personnel for third parties 2015 € 17.849,34
Rental income from buildings 2015 € 9.591,60
Anticipatory repayment of funds for the treasurers service 2015 € 7.746,85
Capital transfers from the Region / Autonomous Province with the target constraint for natural disasters 2015 € 7.561,38
Capital transfers from others 2015 € 4.640,00
Interest from other parties for deposits 2015 € 1.630,54
Current transfers from other public sector entities 2015 € 490,00
Deposits for contractual expenses 2015 € 490,00
Fund regional rebalancing experimental 2015 € 0,22
OTHER INFLOWS TO REGULATE (collections encoded by the treasurer) 2015 € 0,00
INFLOWS FROM REGULATE ARISING FROM THE ALLOCATION OF RECEIPTS BOUND TO CURRENT EXPENDITURE (collections encoded treasurer) (from January 1, 2015) 2015 € 0,00
INFLOWS FROM REGULATE ARISING FROM THE RECEIPTS OF MAKE-BOUND (collections encoded treasurer) (from January 1, 2015) 2015 € 0,00
INFLOWS FROM REGULATE FLOWS FROM CASH ADVANCES (collections encoded by the treasurer) 2015 € 0,00

Sorroundings municipalities and hamlets of Bolano

The municipality of Bolano is surrounded by the following 6 municipalities. These latter are reported ordererd by increasing distances from Bolano.

Town Surrounding towns Distance
Bolano Santo Stefano di Magra (SP) Km. 3.1
Bolano Follo (SP) Km. 3.6
Bolano Podenzana (MS) Km. 4.4
Bolano Vezzano Ligure (SP) Km. 5.2
Bolano Aulla (MS) Km. 6.3
Bolano Tresana (MS) Km. 7.7

In the territory of Bolano also rise the villages of Canevella - Venaro (3,16 km), Cardalin (1,48 km), Carpena (2,61 km), Casa Salani (1,51 km), Casa Scattina (2,07 km), Case sparse (-- km), Ceparana (2,89 km), Ceparana - Carpena (2,08 km), Montebello (2,37 km), Montebello di Cima (1,81 km), Montebello di Fondo (2,42 km), Montebello di Mezzo (2,12 km), Panigale (0,80 km), Tassonara (1,79 km), Tirolo (1,43 km), Villa (1,08 km).

The number in parentheses following each village name indicate the distance between the same village and the municipality of Bolano.

Weather and information about Bolano
Detailed and zoomable map of Bolano

Look at the interactive map of Bolano and get the road maps, the satellite maps and the mixed ones too. Interactive maps of Bolano also allow an immediate view of: bar, restaurants, pubs, pizzerias, dancing, night clubs, banks, jewellers, beauty centers, hair stylists, supermarkets, pharmacies.

Maps of Bolano

Just fill in the free text search box placed on top of the map with any of previous categories and then press enter. Please feel free to use the same free text search box placed on top of the map to find any kind of business activities you're interested into.

Where to stay in Bolano and its neighborhoods

Hotels, Resorts, B&B in Bolano and its neighborhoods.

You can arrange the results by number of stars, by popularity, by distance or even by the guest review score choosing among young couples, mature couples, families with young children, families with older children, people withfriends, or solo travellers.

Free ads in Bolano

Most recent free ads in Bolano, province of La Spezia, region Liguria, updated at 09:20:20, 06 December 2016. Place your free ad on Bolano: no registration needed. Place your free ad.

Up to now there is no free ad placed in Bolano

Most recent free ads in the province of La Spezia
Affitto casa vacanze in località Montefiore 2016-03-11
In cima al borgo. 2015-12-01
VENDITA CASA A RESTAURARE 2013-06-19
Most recent free ads in the region Liguria
cercando parenti Boccalandro 2016-08-20
Appartamenti Vacanze A Cà de Santè 2016-08-04
Un aiuto x BERTO/TYSON 2016-07-16

Electronic invoice codes for the Municipal Departments and Offices of Bolano

Departments, Offices, Officials and Codes for electronic invoices for the town of Bolano

1 Offices where found.They are reported in alphabetical order in what follows.

OfficeUnique CodeManager
Uff_eFatturaPA
Piazza Castello, 1
19020 Bolano
Fiscal Code: 00101560118
UFVJA8 Davide Migliorini
comune.bolano@anutel.it (PEC)
Phone: (++39) 0187941721
Fax: (++39) 0187933791
The Town Council of Bolano

Please find in what follows the full listing of the Mayor, the Aldermen and the Councillors of the municipaly of Bolano that are actually on charge.

Sindaco

Geom Alberto Battilani , nato il 20/02/1965 a LA SPEZIA (SP).
Titolo di studio: Licenza di scuola media superiore o titoli equipollenti
Categoria professionale: Impiegati amministrativi con mansioni direttive e di concetto
eletto il 25/05/2014 e nominato il 26/05/2014 - Partito: Lista civica Uniti X la Gente .

Vicesindaco

Paolo Adorni.

Presidente del consiglio

Luca Vincenzi.

Assessore

Caterina Fanti, Arch Elena Ferrarini, Paolo Ricciardi.

Consigliere

Enrico Acciai, Paolo Adorni, Ilaria Arza', Patrizia Belloni, Caterina Fanti, Arch Elena Ferrarini, Barbara Michi, Paolo Ricciardi, Avv Paolo Scappazzoni, Massimo Silvestri, Maria Elisa Spadoni.

Additional biographical information, educational qualifications and occupations exercised by the Aldermen and Councillors of the municipality of Bolano are available by clicking the "Additional Information" button.


The Parishes in Bolano

There are 4 parishes in Bolano.

ParishTownVillageAddressDiocese
S. CroceBolanoMontebelloDiocese of La Spezia - Sarzana - Brugnato
S. Maria AssuntaBolanoPiazza S. Maria AssuntaDiocese of La Spezia - Sarzana - Brugnato
S. Maria AssuntaBolanoPiazza S. Maria AssuntaDiocese of La Spezia - Sarzana - Brugnato
Santissima AnnunziataBolanoCeparanaVia Giovanni XXIII, 4Diocese of La Spezia - Sarzana - Brugnato

Please find in the previous table the full listing of the parish in Bolano.


Banks and bank branches in Bolano

Number of banks matching search criteria: 4

Region Province Town Address Zip Code Bank ABI CAB
Liguria La Spezia Bolano Via Romana, 87 - Ceparana 19020 Banca Carige S.p.A. - Cassa di Risparmio di Genova e Imperia (Carige S.p.A.) 06175 49700
Liguria La Spezia Bolano Via S. Venanzio, 31 - Ceparana 19020 Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena S.p.A. 01030 49700
Liguria La Spezia Bolano Via Romana, 54 - Ceparana 19020 Banco Popolare - Società Cooperativa 05034 49700
Liguria La Spezia Bolano Via Manzoni, 1/5/7 - Ceparana 19020 Cassa di Risparmio della Spezia S.p.A. (Banca Carispe S.p.A.) 06030 49700
Pharmacies in Bolano and surroundings

Pharmacies that satisfies che search criteria: 2

Name Town Address Hamlet ZIP Kind VAT number
BRUNI Bolano Via Romana, 44 CEPARANA 19020 Ordinaria 00148740111
COMUNALE BOLANO SRL Bolano Via Genova, 176/178 - 19020 Ordinaria 01326960117
The Parapharmacies in Bolano and surroundings

There is no Parapharmacy in Bolano.

The Schools in Bolano

Schools that satisfies che search criteria: 7

Name Kind Town Address Email and Pec Phone and Fax ZIP
Isa 20 - Ic Bolano Scuola dell'Infanzia Bolano Via dei Castagni, 10 spic80400g@istruzione.it
0187933789
01871873485
19020
Maria Immacolata di Bolano Scuola dell'Infanzia Bolano P. Zza Castello 1 scuolainfanziabolano@tiscali.it
0187932441
0187932441
19020
Maria Immacolata Infanzia Scuola dell'Infanzia Bolano Piazza Giovanni XXIII N. 5 scuoladellinfanziaparitaria@virgilio.it
0187933771
0187933771
19020
Scuola Infanzia Ceparana Scuola dell'Infanzia Bolano Via Verdi spic80400g@istruzione.it
0187932128
01871873485
19020
Bolano Ceparana Scuola Primaria Bolano Via Verdi spic80400g@istruzione.it
0187932128
19020
Bolano A. Manzoni Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado Bolano Via dei Castagni, 10 spic80400g@istruzione.it
0187933789
01871873485
19020
Isa 20 - Ic Bolano Scuola Secondaria di Secondo Grado Bolano Via dei Castagni, 10 spic80400g@istruzione.it
spic80400g@pec.istruzione.it
0187933789
01871873485
19020
Videos of Bolano

A selection of videos about Bolano, La Spezia, Liguria

A first video is shown: clicking on the PLAY button the video will start.

Inside the video window there are several commands and a Playlist button: .

Press the Playlist button to access the complete listing of the available videos, along with their titles. It will suffice to scroll through the list using the cursor to select any of the videos.

Once the video started you can use the and buttons to scroll through the videos. Each video can be displayed in full screen.

Your articles about Bolano

Please add your content filling in the following form.. Your e-mail address will not be shown, so to avoid spamming.

Title:
Text:
Characters remaining:

Photo (max 512 KB .gif o .jpg):
E-Mail:

By using this free service the users authorize the owner of the site, Reti e Sistemi, Corso Piersanti Mattarella n.12 Trapani, Italy, (1) to store the data in its own database and to display them in full or partly within the site italia.indettaglio.it; (2) to use the data for eventually mailing information, advertising or promotional information accordingly to the Italian Law 675/96. At any time, in accordance with the article 13 of the same law 675/96, users can have access to their data, request the modification or the cancellation of the same or oppose their use for free by contacting:Reti e Sistemi, Corso Piersanti Mattarella n. 12 Trapani, Italy. In case of a request for cancellation or opposition to their use in accordance with what above stated the data will be removed from the databases and will not be more visible in the pages of italia.indettaglio.it unless a new application is submitted. RETI E SISTEMI Srl reserves itself the right of not to accept the received requests or of to adapt the same for internal needs.

Reti e Sistemi S.r.l.

The Reti e Sistemi S.r.l. founded in 2000 by a group of professionals with decades of experience in Information Technology to be able to meet the most diverse computing needs of its valued customers.

Information